Firefighter

Personal Protective Equipment For Firefighters

Personal Protective Equipment is designed to protect firefighters from serious injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical or other hazards. It covers a variety of devices and garments such as respirators, turnout gear, gloves, blankets and gas masks.

Firefighters basic Protective Equipment Table
Items Products Main Purpose & Technical Performance Outfit Per Person Redundancy Rate
1 Helmets Of firemen Safety protection of the head, face and neck. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 44 1 Pcs 4:1
2 Firemen’s protective clothing for firefighting Body protection during fire fighting and rescue operations. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA10 1 Unit 4:1
3 Protective gloves for  firefighters Hand and wrist protection. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA7 2 Pair
4 Firemen’s safety belt Ascend homework and save yourself. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 484 1 Pcs 4:1
5 Exposure footwear for firemen Calf and foot protection. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 6 1 Pair 5:1
6 Self-contained positive pressure air breathing apparatus for fire fighter Respiratory protection in the absence of oxygen or toxic field work. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 124 1 Set 5:1
7 Explosion-proof lighting wearable Fireman’s single-operation lighting, its technical performance should meet the requirements of GB 3836.3 1 Set 4:1
8 Firemen’s special call unit The firefighter called for an alarm. Its technical performance should be GA 401 1 Pcs 4:1
9 Position lights/Azimuth lamp Location identification of firefighters in environments such as darkness or smoke 1 Set 5:1
10 Fire service fall protection equipment Firefighters’ self-help and escape. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 494 1 Pcs 4:1
11 Hatchet For Firefighters Demolition and self-help. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of relevant standards. 1 Pcs 5:1
Standards NO. Details
GB 2890 Respiratory Protection—Non-Powered Air-purifying respirators
GB 3836.3 Explosive atmospheres-Part 3: Equipment protection by increased safety “e”
IEC60079-7:2006, IDT
GB/T 4303 Marine lifejacket
GB 6568.1 Screen Clothes For Live Working
IEC 60895:2002, Live working-Conductive clothing for use at nominal voltage up to 800kV a.c. and +-600 kV D.C., MOD
GB 12011 Foot Protection-Electrically Insulating Footwear
GB 17622 Live Working-Gloves Of Insulating Material
GA 6 Exposure footwear for firemen
GA 7 Protective Gloves For Firefighters
GA 10 firemen’s protective clothing for firefighting
GA 44 Helmets for firemen
GA 634 Protective Clothing For Proximity fire fighting
GA 124 Self-Contained positive pressure air breathing apparatus for firefighter
GA 401 Firemen’s special call unit
GA 494 Fire Service Fall Protection Equipment
GA 630 Hatchet for firefighters
MT 867 Self-contained positive pressure compressed oxygen respirator
Standards NO. Details
EN443:2018 Helmets for fire fighting in buildings and other structures
EN14458:2018 Personal eye-equipment – High performance visors intended only for use with protective helmets
EN15090:2012 Footwear for firefighters
EN 659:2003 +A1:2008 Protective gloves for firefighters
EN469:2005 Protective clothing for firefighters – Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting
EN358:2018 Personal protective equipment for work positioning and prevention of falls from a height – Belts and lanyards for work positioning or restraint
EN13911:2017 Protective clothing for firefighters – requirements and test methods for fire hoods for firefighters
EN12841:2006 Personal fall protection equipment – Rope access systems – Rope adjustment devices
EN60079-0:2012 Explosive atmospheres – Part 0: Equipment General requirements
Standards NO. Details
NFPA 1971 Standard on protective ensembles for structural fire fighting and proximity fire fighting

A self-contained breathing apparatus sometimes referred to as a compressed air breathing apparatus or simply breathing apparatus is a device worn by rescue workers, firefighters, and others to provide breathable air in an immediately dangerous to life or health atmosphere. When not used underwater, they are sometimes called industrial breathing sets. The term self-contained means that the breathing set is not dependent on a remote supply. If designed for use underwater, it is called SCUBA.

Breathing apparatus usually use a container ti identify: 2 L, 3 L, 4.7 L,6.8 L, 9 L

A filtering device with a hood for self-rescue from fire (filtering smoke hood) is a respiratory protective device dependent on the ambient atmosphere.
A complete device consists of a facepiece with combined filter and, if necessary, suitable packaging. It is not intended that any disassembly or assembly be carried out by the user.
The facepiece of a filtering smoke hood can be the hood itself or a full face mask, half mask, quarter mask or mouthpiece assembly connected to the hood. The combined filter is attached to the facepiece and is not replaceable without tools.

Standard Related

China Standard
GB16556-1996 “self-contained air breathing apparatus”;
GA124-2004 “Positive pressure fire air breathing apparatus”;
MT867-2000 “Isolated Positive Pressure Oxygen Respirator”;
GA209-1999 “Fire-fighting self-rescue breathing apparatus”;
GA411-2003 “Chemical Oxygen Fire Self-rescue Respirator”.

EU Standard
EN137-1993 “Technical requirements, tests, and signs for air breathing apparatus”;
EN 145-1997 “Respiratory protectors – compressed oxygen or oxygen-nitrogen type self-protecting closed-circuit respirators – requirements, tests, signs”;
EN 403:2004 Respiratory protective devices for self-rescue – Filtering devices with hood for escape from fire – Requirements, testing, marking
EN 401:1992 “Respiratory protective equipment for self-rescue; regenerative devices; chemical oxygen (KO2) self-rescuer; requirements, tests, signs”.

11 Gas Capacity

Table 1 — Test gas conditions
Test gas Test gas concentration in air a
ml/m c (= ppm)
Breakthrough concentration b
ml/m (= ppm)
Propenal (acrolein) 100 0,5
Hydrogen chloride (HCl) 1000 5
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) 400 10 c
Carbon monoxide 2500
5000
7500
10 000
200 d
a:  A deviation of ± 10 % from the required value shall be acceptable. The recorded breakthrough times shall be adjusted, if necessary, by simple proportion to conform with the specified influent concentration.
b: The breakthrough concentration is an arbitrary value and it is used only to define the end point of the filter capacity under laboratory testing conditions.
c: C2N2 may sometimes be present in the effluent air. The total concentration of (HCN + C 2 N 2 ) shall not exceed 10 ml/m3 at breakthrough.
d: Time weighted average in any single 5 min period.

Key Technical Requirements

1.General: In all tests all test samples shall meet the requirements.
2.Ergonomics: The requirements of this standard are intended to take account of the interaction between the wearer, the respiratory protective device, and where possible the working environment in which the respiratory protective device is likely to be used.
3. Design: The apparatus shall be sufficiently robust to withstand the rough usage it is likely to receive in service with respect to its classification.
The apparatus shall be designed so that there are no protruding parts or sharp edges likely to be caught on projections in narrow passages.
No part of the apparatus likely to be in contact with the wearer shall have sharp edges or burrs.
The apparatus shall be designed to ensure its full function in any orientation.
Testing shall be done in accordance with 7.3 and 7.5.
4. Materials: Materials which come into direct contact with the wearer’s skin shall not be known to be likely to cause irritation or any other adverse effect to health.
All metallic parts shall be corrosion-resistant or protected against corrosion e.g. by packaging.
If materials sensitive to humidity are used in the device, they shall be protected against the effects of humidity
5.Mass: The mass of the ready-for-use device without packaging or carrying device shall not exceed 1000 g.
6. Conditioning: Prior to laboratory or practical performance tests all test specimen shall be conditioned.
7. Connections
Connections between components shall be designed such that they cannot be readily separated by the user.
The connection between filter and hood assembly shall withstand axially a tensile force of 50 N.
8. Packaging:The packaging shall be easy to open without tools.
9. Practical performance: The complete apparatus shall undergo practical performance tests. These general tests serve the purpose of checking the apparatus for imperfections that cannot be determined by the tests described elsewhere in this standard.
Where, in the opinion of the test house, approval is not granted because practical performance tests show the apparatus has imperfections related to wearer’s acceptance, the test house shall provide full details of those parts of the practical performance tests which revealed these imperfections. This will enable other test houses to duplicate the tests and assess the results thereof.
10. Leakage
For filtering smoke hoods fitted in accordance with the instructions for use, at least 46 out of the 50 individual results for the inward leakage over each of the exercise periods as defined in
11. Filter : Willl Shown in below
12. Valves: The complete device may be provided with one or more inhalation and exhalation valves. If the device is equipped with valves, the valves shall operate correctly and independent of their orientation. They shall be protected against dirt and mechanical damage.
13. Breathing resistance
The inhalation resistance shall not exceed 8 mbar and the exhalation resistance shall not exceed 3 mbar.
14. Flammability
The materials used shall not present a danger for the wearer and shall not be of highly flammable nature. The filtering smoke hood or other exposed parts shall not continue to burn or present any additional hazard to the wearer. It is not required that the filtering smoke hood still has to be useable after the test.
15. Carbon dioxide content of inhalation air: The carbon dioxide content of inhalation air (dead space) shall not exceed an average of 2 % by volume.
16. Head harness: If a harness is fitted it shall meet the requirements for the harness specified in EN 140.
17. Vision: The visors shall be reliably assembled to the device. Visors shall not distort vision as determined in practical performance tests. There shall be no significant impairment of vision by fogging as determined in practical performance tests.
18. Sealing: Each complete device or filter component shall be sealed and shall not be resealable except by the use of special equipment. The sealing shall be such that it can readily be opened when necessary but not inadvertently. When the packaging seal has been broken this shall be obvious by visual inspection.
19. Integrity of filtering smoke hood at high carbon monoxide concentrations
The device shall maintain its mechanical integrity and shall not present a hazard to the wearer.
20. Ingress of humidity
If materials sensitive to humidity are used these materials shall be protected against humidity.
After conditioning in accordance with 7.4 the device shall meet the requirements of this standard.
21. Temperature of inhaled air
The temperature of the inhaled air shall not exceed 90 °C dry bulb and 50 °C wet bulb during the test duration of 15 min.
22. Communication
A person wearing the device shall be able to hear verbal communications from the test supervisor.
A person wearing the device shall be able to communicate verbally. This does not apply when the device is equipped with a mouthpiece assembly.

The fire helmet is composed of a helmet shell, a mask, a shawl, a cushion layer, etc. The half helmet design is novel in style, and has the functions of preventing sharp objects from impact, corrosion, heat radiation, reflection, insulation, and lightness. The helmet can be worn with air. Respirator and wireless communication system with obvious reflective signs.

Standard Related

China Standard
GA44-2004 “Helmets for firemen”;
GB /T 191-2000 “Packaging – Pictorial marking for handling of goods”;
GB 8 11 -1998 “Helmets for motorcycle users”;
GB /T 2410 “Determination of the luminous transmittance and haze of transparent plastics”;
GB /T 2428-1998 “Head-face dimensions of adults”;
GB 281 1-1989 “Safety helmet”;
GB /T 4744-1997 “Textile fabrics – Determination of resistance to water penetration – Hydrostatic pressure test”;
GB /T 5455-1997 “Textiles – Burning behaviour – Vertical method”;
GA 10 -2002 “Protective clothing for firefighters”.

EU Standard
EN443:2008 “Helmets for fire fighting in buildings and other structures”;
EN 136:1998 “Respiratory protective devices – Full face masks – Requirements, testing, marking”;
EN 137:2006 “Respiratory protective devices – Self-contained open circuit compressed air breathing apparatus with full face mask – Requirements, testing, marking”;
EN 166:2001 “Personal eye-protection – Specifications”;
EN 168:2001 “Personal eye-protection – Non-optical test methods”;
EN 469:2005 “Protective clothing for firefighters – Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting”;
EN 531:1995 “Protective clothing for industrial workers exposed to heat(excluding firefighters’ and welders’ clothing)”;
EN 960:2006 “Headforms for use in the testing of protective helmets”;
EN 13807-1:2000 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 1: Conditions and conditioning”;
EN 13807-2:2000 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 2: Shock absorption”;
EN 13807-3:2000 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 3: Resistance to penetration”;
EN 13807-4:2000 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 4: Retention system effectiveness”;
EN 13807-5 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 5: Retention system strength”;
EN 13807-6 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 6: Field of vision “;
EN 13807-8 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 8: Electrical properties “;
EN 13807-10 “Protective helmets – Test methods – Part 10: Resistance to radiant heat “;
EN 13911 “Protective clothing for firefighters – Requirements and test methods for fire hoods for firefighters”;
EN 14458:2004 “Personal eye-equipment – face fields and visors for use with firefighters’ and high performance industrial safety helmets used by firefighters, ambulance and emergency services”;
EN ISO 9185:2007 “Protective clothing – Assessment of resistance of materials to molten metal splash (ISO 9185:2007)”;
ISO 1817:2005 “Rubber, vulcanized – Determination of the effect of liquids”;
ISO 17493 “Clothing and equipment for protection against heat – test method for convective heat resistance using a hot air circulating oven”;

Key Technical Requirements

1 General

1.1 Surface finish: When tested in accordance with 5.2 there shall be no sharp edges, roughness or projection on any part of the helmet that may cause discomfort or injury to the wearer during fitting, wearing or maintenance.

1.2 Innocuousness of materials: When tested in accordance with 5.2 materials that may come into contact with the wearer’s skin shall not be known to be likely to cause irritation or any other adverse effect to health.

1.3 Visual defects: All materials shall be visibly unimpaired after cleaning and disinfection by the agents and procedures specified by the manufacturer in the information supplied.

1.4 Additional devices and accessories: When items as defined in 3.17, 3.18 and 3.19 are stated as being for use with the helmet by the helmet manufacturer, the helmet with such items fitted to it shall continue to satisfy the requirements of this European Standard.

1.5 Face protectors: Face protectors intended for use and supplied with helmets conforming to this European Standard shall conform to the requirements of EN 14458.

1.6 Neck guard: When neck-guards are provided or recommended by the helmet manufacturer for use with a helmet complying with this European Standard, the neck-guards shall conform to the requirements for area 3a as appropriate.

1.7 Protection of area 3b: When protection of area 3b is provided or recommended by the helmet manufacturer for use with a helmet complying with this European Standard, this protection shall conform to the requirements for area 3b as appropriate.

1.8 Wearing the helmet: The constraints imposed by the wearing of the helmet shall be minimized, so as to enable the wearer to perform structural firefighting.

2 Shock absorption: When the helmet is tested in  accordance with 5.4.1, the force transmitted to the headform shall note exceed 15 kN.

3 Resistance to penetration: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.5, there shall be no contact between the striker and the test block.

4 Lateral crushing: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.6, the maximum transverse and longitudinal deformations of the helmet shall not exceed 40 mm. The residual deformations shall not exceed 15 mm.

5 Retention system effectiveness: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.7 it shall not come off the headform.

6 Retention system strength: This clause applies to helmets for which a chin strap is recommended or provided by the helmet manufacturer for use with the helmet.

7 Radiant heat: Areas 1a and 1b, Areas 3a and 3b

8 Protection against hot solids: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.10 it shall conform to the requirements of EN 166:2001

9 Protection against molten metals: Areas 1a and 1b, Areas 3a and 3b

10 Heat resistance: Areas 1a and 1b and area 2, Areas 3a

11 Flame resistance: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.13, the material shall not show: a) any drip during the whole test; b) any visible flame or glow after 5 following removal of the flame.

12 Electrical properties

12.1 Conductive headform: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.14.1, no evidence of breakdown shall be visible and the leakage current shall not exceed 1.2 mA.

12.2 Wet helmet insulation: When the helmet is, in addition, optionally tested in accordance with 5.14.3, no evidence of breakdown shall be visible and the leakage current shall not exceed 1.2 mA.

12.3 Surface insulation: When the helmet is, in addition, optionally tested in accordance with 5.14.3, no evidence of breakdown shall be visible and the leakage current shall not exceed 1.2 mA.

13 Contact with liquid chemicals(optional): Area 1a, 1b and Area 3a, 3b.

14 Field of vision: When the helmet is tested in accordance with 5.16 the wearer’s field of vision shall correspond to the following angles: a) horizontal field of vision of not less than 105o; b) vertical field of vision in the upwards direction of not less than 7o; c) vertical field of vision in the downwards direction of not less than 45o.

The specified field of vision shall be achieved with a face protector in its in-use and out-of-use positions. The periphery of the face protector may fall within the specified field of vision.

15 Extent of protection: Areas 1a and 1b, Areas 3b

Fire-fighting protective clothing is also known as fire protective clothing, protective clothing, protective overalls, fire fighting suits, etc.
According to the protective function, it is divided into health-protective overalls, such as radiation protection suits, winter clothes, heat insulation suits and antibacterial suits; safety protective overalls, such as flame retardant suits, anti-static suits, bulletproof suits, stab-resistant suits, space suits, diving Clothing, acid-proof clothing and insect-proof clothing; in order to maintain the wearer’s sanitary overalls, such as oil-proof clothing, dust-proof clothing and water-repellent clothing.

Standard Related

China Standard
GA10-2014 “Firemen’s protective clothing for firefighting”;
GB /T 191-2000 “Packaging – Pictorial marking for handling of goods”;
GB/T 250 “Textiles – Texts for colour fastness – Grey scale for assessing change in colour”;
GB /T 1335.1 “Standard sizing systems for garments – Men”;
GB /T 1335.2 “Standard sizing systems for garments – Women”;
GB/T 3917.3-2009 “Textiles – Tear properties of fabrics – Part 3: Determination of tear force of trapezoidal shaped test specimens”;
GB /T 3920-2008 “Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Colour fastness to rubbing”;
GB /T 3921-2008 “Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Colour fastness to washing”;
GB/T 3923.1-2013 “Textiles – Tensile properties of fabrics – Part 1: Determination of breaking force and elongation at breaking force – Strip method”;
GB /T 4745-2012 “Textiles – Testing and evaluation for water resistance – Spray test method”;
GB /T 8427-2008 “Textiles – Tests for color fastness – color fastness to artifical light: eon arc fading lamp test”;
GB/T 8628-2001 “Textiles – Preparation, marking and measuring of fabric specimens and garments in tests fro determination of dimensional change”;
GB /T 8629-2001 “Textiles – Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing”;
GB /T 8630-2002 “Textiles – Determination of dimensional change in washing and drying”;
GB/T 12704.1-2009 “Textiles – Test method for water-vapour transmission of fabrics”;
GB /T 4744-1997 “Textile fabrics – Determination of resistance to water penetration – Hydrostatic pressure test”;
GB /T 5455-1997 “Textiles – Burning behaviour – Vertical method”;
GB/T 13773.1-2008 “Textiles – Seam tensile properties of fabrics and made-up textile articles – Part 1: Determination of maximum force to seam rupture using the strip method”;
GB /T 19977-2005 “Textile – Oil repellency – Hydrocarbon resistance test”;
GA 7 “Firemen’s gloves”;
GA 124 “Self-contained positive pressure air breathing apparatus for fire fighter”;

EU Standard
EN 469:2005 “Protective clothing for firefighters – Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting”;
EN 340 “Protective clothing – General requirements”;
EN 367 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and fire – Method of determining heat transmission on exposure to flame”;
EN 471:2003 “High-visibility warning clothing for professional use – Test methods and requirements”;
EN 533:1997 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and flame – Limited flame spread materials and material assemblies”;
EN 20811 “Textiles – Determination of resistance to water penetration – Hydrostatic pressure test”;
EN 24920:1992 “Textiles – Determination of resistance to surface wetting (spray test) of fabrics”;
EN 31092 “Textiles – Determination of physiological properties – Measurement of thermal and water-vapour resistance under steady-state conditions (sweating guarded – hotplate test) (ISO 11092:1993)”;
EN ISO 1421:1998 “Rubber or plastics – Determination of tensile strength and elongation at break (ISO 1421:1998)”;
EN ISO 4674-1:2003 “Rubber or plastics-coated fabrics – Determination of tear resistance – Part 1: Constant rate of tear methods (ISO 1421:1998)”;
EN ISO 6530:2005 “Protective clothing – Protection against liquid chemicals – test method for resistance of materials to penetration by liquids (ISO 6530:2005)”;
EN ISO 6942:2002 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and fire – Method of test: Evaluation of materials and material assemblies when exposed to a source of radiant heat (ISO 6942:2002)”;
EN ISO 13934-1:1999 “Textiles – tensile properties of fabrics – Part 1: Determination of maximum force and elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934-1:1999)”;
EN ISO 13937-2:2000 “Textiles – Tear properties of fabrics – Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped test specimens (Single tear method) (ISO 13937-2:2000)”;
EN ISO 15025:2002 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and flame – Method of test for limited flame spread (ISO 15025:2000)”;
ISO 5077 “Textiles – Determination of dimensional change in washing and drying”
ISO 7941 “Commercial propane and butane – Analysis by gas chromatography”;
ISO 17493:2000 “Clothing and equipment for protection against heat – Test method for convective heat resistance using a hot air circulating oven”;
CIE 54.2:2001 “Retroreflection – Definition and measurement”;

2 Heat transfer - Flame

3 Heat transfer - Radiation

10.2 Testing procedure

Key Technical Requirements

1 Flame spread

1.1 Materials and seams shall be tested according to EN ISO 15025:2002, procedure A, and they shall achieve flame spread index 3 of EN 533:1997. Results are evaluated when the samples are on the test frame.

1.1.1 For materials, 3 specimens in machine direction and 3 specimens in cross direction shall be tested according to EN ISO 15025:2002, procedure A, and they shall achieve flame spread index 3 of EN 533:1997.

1.1.2 For seams, 3 specimens containing a structural seam shall be tested according to EN ISO 15025:2005, procedure A, and they shall achieve flame spread index 3 of EN 533:1997 and shall not open. Specimens shall be oriented with the seam running up the centre line of the test specimen so that the burner flame impinges directly upon the seam.

1.2 No specimen shall give hole formation in any layer except for a layer other than the outer material or innermost lining when tested according to 1.1, which is used for specific protection other than heat protection, for example a layer which provides protection against liquid penetration etc.

1.3 The component assembly of the outer garment shall be tested according to 1.1 by applying the test flame to the surface of the outer material and to the surface of the innermost lining.

1.4 If the levels of protection are achieved by multilayer clothing assemblies which are separate garments, the outer surface and innermost lining of each garment used in the assembly shall be tested according to 1.1.

1.5 If the clothing assembly incorporates wristlet materials these shall be tested separately applying the flame to the outer surface of the hardware items, according to EN ISO 15025. The hardware shall remain functioning after the test.

1.6 If hardware is used in protective clothing this shall be tested separatedly applying the flame to the outer surface of the hardware items, according to EN ISO 15025. The hardware shall remain functioning after the test.

2 Heat transfer – Flame: The component assembly or multilayer clothing assembly when tested according to EN 367 shall achieve the following performance levels and be classified accordingly:

The number of samples indicated in the standard shall be tested and the performance classified according to the lowest single result, rounded to one decimal place. Where performance levels 1 and 2 exist in the same garment or multilayer clothing assembly, it shall be classified as level 1.

3 Heat transfer – Radiation: The component assembly or multilayer clothing assembly when tested according to EN ISO 6942 at a heat flux density of 40 kW/m2 shall achieve the following performance levels and be classified accordingly:

The number of samples indicated in the standard shall be tested and the performance classified according to the lowest single result, rounded to one decimal place. Where performance levels 1 and 2 exist in the same garment or multilayer clothing assembly, it shall be classified as level 1.

4 Residual tensile strength of material when exposed to radiant heat

Three specimens in the machine direction and three in the cross direction of the ourter material shall be tested by EN ISO 13934-1 or EN ISO 1421:1998, method 1, after pre-treatment of the complete assembly or multilayer clothing assembly by EN ISO 6942:2002, method A, at a heat flux density of 10 kW/m2. Each specimen shall have a tensile strength ≧ 450 N.

The sample used after exposure at 10 kW/m2 according to EN ISO 6942 shall be stripped in order to obtain 50 mm width. This width shall contain the exposed surface.

5 Heat resistance

When tested according to ISO 17493 at a temperature of (180±5)℃ for an exposure time of 5 min, each material used in the clothing assembly shall not ignite or melt and shall not shrink more than 5% in either machine or cross direction. Each material shall be tested separately. If a specimen of sufficient size cannot be taken it may be sewn on the carrying material as used in the garment. Hardware of the types intended to be used in the finished garment, shall function after this test.

6 Tensile strength

6.1 The outer material when tested in accordance with EN ISO 13934-1 or EN ISO 1421:1998, method 1, shall give a breaking load in both machine and cross direction ≧ 450 N.

6.2 Then main seams of the outer material when tested in accordance with EN ISO 13935-2:1999 shall give a breaking load ≧ 225 N.

7 Tear strength

The outer material shall give a tear strength in both machine and cross direction ≧ 25 N. Coated fabrics shall be tested in accordance with EN ISO 4674-1:2003, method B, non-coated fabrics in accordance with EN ISO 13937-2:2000.

8 Surface wetting

8.1 Pre-treatment: Before testing the test material shall be washed and dried according to 5.2 as indicated by the manufacturer.

8.2 Testing procedure: The outer material when tested according to EN 24920 at 20 ℃ shall give a spray rate of ≧ 4. The evaluation criterion shall be the lowest value.

9 Dimensional change

The dimensional change shall be equal or less than ± 3% in both directions when tested in accordance with ISO 5077 using the pre-treatment specified in 5.2.

Each single layer material or component assembly of a multilayer clothing assembly shall be tested separately.

The combination of materials in a component assembly shall be prepared shall be prepared so that the layers of material are sewn together around all four sides of the test sample. One samples only shall be tested.

10 Resistance to penetration by liquid chemicals

10.1 Pre-treatment: Before testing the test materials shall be washed and dried according to 5.2 as indicated by the manufacturer.

10.2 Testing procedure: The component assembly or multilayer clothing assembly shall be tested in accordance with EN ISO 6530 using a chemical application time of 10 s using the following liquid chemicals and in each case, shall give no penetration to the innermost surface and a repellency rate of more than 80%.

11 Resistance to water penetration

The layer (including seams) providing the resistance of water entry, when tested in accordance with EN 20811 using a rate of increase in pressure of (0.98 ± 0.05) kPa/min shall achieve one of the following:

Level 1 < 20 kPa, for garments without a moisture barrier.

Level 2 ≧ 20 kPa, for garments with a moisture barrier.

12 Water vapour resistance

The requirements for water vapour resistance shall be achieved by testing either the complete component assembly or the multilayer clothing assembly. Anti-wicking barriers are excluded from this requirement. Testing shall be in accordance with EN 31092 and one of the following shall be achieved:

Level 1 > 30 m2Pa/W, but not exceeding 45 m2Pa/W

Level 2 ≤ 30 m2Pa/W.

13 Ergonomic performance

Ergonomic assessment of clothing covered by this European Standard should be carried out by practical performance testing. Suitable tests for these requirements have not yet been validated internationally but guidance is included in Annex D.

14 Visibility

Any  optional retro-reflective/fluorescent material shall conform to those requirements give in Annex B. Colour requirements of the fluorescent material shall be in accordance with 5.1 of EN 471:2003.

Fire gloves are also called high temperature resistant gloves and high voltage insulated gloves. Material combination: The outer layer is made of high-strength fabric with flame retardant, acid and alkali resistance, oil resistance and antistatic properties.

Standard Related

China Standard
GA7-2004 “Protective gloves for firefighters”;
GB/T 3917.3-2009 “Textiles – Tear properties of fabrics – Part 3: Determination of tear force of trapezoidal shaped test specimens”;
GB /T 6529-1986 “Standard atmospheres for textiles conditioning and testing”;
GB /T 12624-1990 “The general specifications for protective gloves and mittens”;
GB/T 19089-2003 “Rubber or plastics-coated fabrics – Determination of abrasion resistance – Martindale method”;
SN 0704-1997 “Method for the determination of chromium(VI) in leather gloves for export – Spectrophotometry”;
GB /T 8629-2001 “Textiles – Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing”;
GB /T 4744-1997 “Textile fabrics – Determination of resistance to water penetration – Hydrostatic pressure test”;
GB /T 5455-1997 “Textiles – Burning behaviour – Vertical method”;

EU Standard
EN 659:1996 “Protective gloves for firefighters”;
EN 344:1992 “Safety, protective and occupational footwear for professional use”;
EN 366:1993 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and fire – Method of test: Evaluation of materials and material assemblies when exposed to a source of radiant heat”;
EN 367:1992 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and fire – Method of determining heat transmission on exposure to flame”;
EN 388:1994 “Protective gloves against mechanical risks”;
EN 407:1994 “Protective gloves against thermal risks (heat and/or fire)”;
EN 420:1994 “Protective gloves – General requirements and test methods”;
EN 720:1994 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and flame – Test method: Determination of the contact heat transmission through protective clothing or its materials”;
prEN 1486 “Protective clothing for firefighters – Test methods and requirements for clothing for specialized fire fighting”;
EN 20811:1992 “Textiles – Determination of resistance to water penetration – Hydrostatic pressure test”;

Key Technical Requirements

1 Sizes

When measured according to 6.2.3 and 6.2.4 of EN 420:1994, the sizes shall correspond with those requirements established in 5.1.2 of EN 420:1994, but the minimum length shall be in accordance with table 1.

The gloves shall be compatible with the sleeves of the protective clothing.

2 Abrasion

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to 6.1 of EN 388:1994, on the palm of the glove. When tested accordingly, it shall be in accordance with at least performance level 2.

3 Cut resistance

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to 6.2 of EN 388:1994, both on the palm and the back of the glove. When tested accordingly, it shall be in accordance with at least performance level 2.

4 Tear resistance

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to 6.3 of EN 388:1994, on the palm of the glove. When tested accordingly, it shall be in accordance with at least performance level 2(25 N).

5 Puncture resistance

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to EN 388:1994 clause 6.4 on the palm of the glove. When tested accordingly, it shall be in accordance with at least performance level 2(60 N).

6. Burning behaviour

The glove shall be tested according to 6.3 of EN 407:1994. When tested accordingly, it shall be in accordance with level 4(after flame time ≤ 2 s and after glow time  ≤ 5 s). The material shall note drip if the material melts. The seam shall not come apart in the test area after in ignition time of 15 s.

7 Convective heat

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to EN 367, both on the back and the palm of the glove. For each material or each material assembly, three samples shall be tested. When tested accordingly, the material shall be in accordance with at least performance level 3 (HTI ≧ 10).

8 Radiant heat

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to EN 366 method B, on the back of the glove, with a heat flux density of 20kW/m2. A sample 70 mm x 170 mm is taken from each glove back, from one pair of gloves. The arithmetic mean of the two t2 values is calculated and stated to the nearest whole second. When tested accordingly, the material shall have a time t2 of at least 15 s.

9 Contact heat

The material for firefighters’ protective gloves shall be tested according to EN 702, on the palm of the glove, with a contact temperature of 250 ℃. A sample with a diameter of 80 mm is taken from each palm area of three gloves. The arithmetic mean of the three values for the threshold time tt is calculated and stated to the nearest whole second. When tested accordingly, the material shall have threshold time tt of at least 10 s.

10 Heat resistance of the lining material

The lining material closest to the skin, when tested in accordance with the instructions given in annex A, shall not melt, drip or ignite.

11 Dexterity

The glove shall be tested according to 6.3 of EN 420:1994. When tested accordingly, the glove shall be in accordance with at least performance level 1 (smallest diameter of pin: 11 mm)

12 Water permeability

The manufacturer shall supply information on the behaviour of the glove when the waterproof layer of the glove is tested according to EN 20811 for textiles or to 5.12 of EN 344:1992 for leather.

The fire belt is also called a fire safety belt, a safety belt and a safety belt. The fire hose must be used with safety hooks and safety ropes. The seat belt is placed around the waist of the firefighters, and there are two half rings on the belt to lift the work. If one safety hook is hung on each of the two half rings, the firefighters will balance when hanging or hanging. The fire hose belt is a reliable equipment for firefighters to climb the safety protection, and can also be used as a safety belt for other departments.

Standard Related

China Standard
GA494-2004 “Fire service fall protection equipment”;
GB/T 191 “Packaging – Pictorial marking for handling of goods”;
GB /T 6461-2002 “Methods for corrosion testing of metallic and other inorganic coatings on metallic substrates – Rating of test specimens and manufactured articles subjected to corrosion tests”;
GB /T 8834-1998 “Fibre ropes – Determination of certain physical and mechanical properties”;
GB/T 10125-1997 “Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres – Salt spray tests”;

EU Standard
EN 358:2018″Personal protective equipment for work positioning and prevention of falls from a height – Belts and lanyards for work positioning or restraint”;
EN 362:2004 “Personal protection equipment against falls from a height – Connectors”;
EN 363 “Personal fall protection equipment – Personal fall protection systems”;
EN 364:1992 “Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – Test methods”;
EN 365 “Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – General requirements for instructions for use, maintenance, periodic examination, repair, marking and packaging”;
EN 892 “Mountaineering equipment – Dynamic mountaineering ropes – safety requirements and test methods”;
EN ISO 9227 “Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres – Salt spray tests”;
ISO 2232 “Round drawn wire for general purpose non-alloy steel wire ropes and for large diameter steel wire ropes – Specifications”;

Key Technical Requirements

1 design, construction and ergonomics

1.1 Waist belts
1.1.1 Waist belts shall be capable of adjustment to fit the wearer within the size range specified by the manufacturer, when checked in accordance with 5. 1.2.
1.1.2 Waist belts shall have at least one attachment element intended for the connection of load bearing components, e g, a lanyard, when checked in accordance with 5.1.2. If the waist belt is equipped with two attachment elements for work positioning, one shall be in the right and one shall be in the left front quarter of the waist belt when fitted correctly
1.1.3 All parts of the waist belt shall be free from sharp edges and burrs that could cause injury, when checked in accordance with 5.1.2.
1.1.4 Work positioning belts shall have a back support. When checked in accordance with 5.1.3 the minimum length of the back support shall be 50 mm longer than half the circumference of the work positioning belt when adjusted to the maximum radial length (waist size) specified by the manufacturer. The back support shall have a minimum width of 100 mm and shall overall surface area of 200 cm 2 symmetrically arranged on the spine of the user and shall have a minimum width of 60 mm elsewhere.
1.1.5 Restraint belts shall be not less than 43 mm wide, when checked in accordance with 5.1.4
1.2 Fastening and adjustment elements of the waist belt
1.2.1 When checked in accordance with 5.2.2, fastening elements shall be so designed and constructed that, when fastened in accordance with the manufacturer’s information, they can be released only by at least two different deliberate manual actions.

1.2.2 When checked in accordance with 5.2.3, fastening elements shall be so designed and constructed that, when fastened in accordance with the manufacturer’s information, they cannot unintentionally open.
1.2.3 If fastening elements are so designed and constructed that they can be opened by pushing two buttons, e.g. see Figure 1, when fasten in accordance with the manufacturer’s information, the buttons have to go back in their original position when checked in accordance with 5.2.4. The fastening element shall note release when checked in accordance with 5.2.5.
1.2.4 When tested in accordance with 5.6.2, the movement and slippage of the webbing through the adjustment elements of waist belts shall be not more than 20 mm. If the instructions supplied by the manner of adjustment shall be tested.
1.2.5 When tested in accordance with 5.6.3 or 5.6.4, the movement and slippage of the webbing through the adjustment elements of waist belts with integrated lanyards shall be not more than 20 mm. If the instructions supplied by the manufacturer describe that the adjustment elements can be adjusted in more than one manner, each manner of adjustment shall be tested.
1.3 Work positioning and restraint lanyards
1.3.1 A work positioning lanyard shall be adjustable and designed and manufactured in such a way that the length adjustment device cannot be released from the lanyard involuntarily, when checked in accordance with 5.3.2.
1.3.2 A work positioning lanyard shall be designed and manufactured in such a manner that it can be connected to a body holding device at one end and to an anchor point or back to the body holding device at the other end, directly or by an appropriate connector, when checked in accordance with 5.3.2. One termination may be permanently connected to the body holding device.
1.3.3 A restraint lanyard with a length adjustment device shall be designed and manufactured in such a way that the length adjustment device cannot be released from the lanyard involuntarily, when checked in accordance with 5.3.2.
1.3.4 A restraint Lanyard with a length adjustment device shall be designed and manufactured in such a manner that it  can be connected to a body holding device at one end and to an anchor point at the other end, directly or by an appropriate connector, when checked in accordance with 5.3.2.
1.3.5 A restraint lanyard with a fixed length shall be integrated in a waist belt at one end and designed and manufactured at the other hand in such a manner that it can be connected to an anchor point directly or by an appropriate connector, when checked in accordance with 5.3.2. The length of the lanyard shall be within ± 5% of the length given on the marking of the lanyard, when measured in accordance with 5.3.3.

1.4 Length adjustment device
1.4.1 When checked in accordance with 5.4, the length adjustment device shall be free from sharp edges and burrs that could cause injury.
1.4.2 When checked in accordance with 5.4, the length adjustment device shall be non-detachable from the lanyard.
1.4.3 When checked in accordance with 5.4, the length adjustment device of a work positioning lanyard shall permit the adjustment of the lanyard length while in use as described in the information supplied by the manufacturer.

1.4.4 Any movement and slippage of the lanyard through the length adjustment device shall not exceed 50 mm, for lanyards when tested in accordance with 5.6.5 and for lanyards which are integrated in a waist belt when tested in accordance with 5.6.3. If the instructions supplied by the manufacturer describe that the length adjustment device can be fastened or adjusted in more than one manner, each manner of fastening or adjustment shall be tested.
2 Materials
2.1 When checked in accordance with 5.5, materials used in waist belts and lanyards that may come into contact with the skin of a user shall not be known to cause irritating or sensitization effects when used as intended.
2.2 When checked in accordance with 5.5, fibre ropes, webbing and yams shall be made from virgin filament or multifilament synthetic fibres suitable for their intended use. The breaking tenacity of the synthetic fibres shall be known to be at least 0. 6 N/tex.
2.3 When checked in accordance with 5.5, the shade of the thread used for sewing shall be such as to contrast with the shade of the webbing or the rope to facilitate visual inspection.
2.4 When checked in accordance with 5.5, and when wire is used in the construction of ropes for lanyards, it shall be made from steel. The ferrules of terminations shall be made from ductile metallic material. Wire used for ropes that are not made from stainless steel shall be galvanized in accordance with ISO 2232.
2.5 When checked in accordance with 5.5, chains shall be made from steel Chains that are not made from stainless steel shall be galvanized. Egg-shaped or similar end links and all connecting links shall be compatible with the chain.
3 Connectors: Connectors  incorporated in lanyards shall meet the requirements of EN 362: 2004, 4.1 to 4.5
4 Static strength
4.1 When tested in accordance with 5.6.2. a waist belt shall sustain a force of 15 kN without releasing the cylinder.
4.2 When tested in accordance with 5.6.3 a waist belt with an integrated lanyard with a length adjustment device shall sustain a force of 15 kN without releasing the cylinder.
4.3 When tested in accordance with 5.6.4 a waist belt with an integrated restraint lanyard with a fixed length shall sustain a force of 15 kN without releasing the cylinder.
4.4 When tested in accordance with 5.6.5 a lanyard with a length adjustment device shall sustain a force of 15 kN.

The fire boots have excellent protection against high temperature, heat flow and flame. The upper is resistant to 2W/cm2 heat flow for three minutes, and the fire upper is fireproof. Excellent protection against general chemicals: fuel, grease, solvent and weak acid with maximum pressure of 500 volts, anti-mite, anti-piercing, anti-static, wear-resistant sole, anti-cut upper, in line with EN345-2 FPA-CR standard.

Standard Related

China Standard
GA6-2004 “Exposure footwear for firemen”;
GB/T 191-2000 “Packaging – Pictorial marking for handling of goods”;
GB /T 528-1998 “Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic – Determination of tensile stress – strain properties”;
GB /T 531-1999 “Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic – Determination of indentation hardness – Part 2: IRHD pocket meter method”;
GB/T 532 “Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic – Determination of adhesion to textile fabric”;
GB/T 1682 “Rubber, vulcanized – Determination of low-temperature brittleness – Single test piece method”;
GB /T 1689 “Rubber vulcanized – Determination of abrasion resistance ( Akron machine)”;
GB /T 1690 “Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic – Determination of the effect of liquids”;
GB /T 2941-1991 “Rubber – General procedures for preparing and conditioning test pieces for physical test methods”;
GB /T 3293.1 “Shoes sizes”;
GB /T 3512-2001 “Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic – Accelerated egeing and heat resistance tests – Air oven method”;
GB 12011-2000 “Foot protection-Electrically insulating footwear”;
GB 12017 “Specifications and test method for penetrating resistance of puncture proof footwear”;
GB 12018 “Acid and alkali-resistance leather shoes”;
GB 12019 “Acid and alkali-resistance rubber boots”;
GB /T 13488″Rubber – Determination of the burning behaviour of vertical specimens”;

EU Standard
EN 15090:2012 “Footwear for firefighters”;
EN 13832-3:2006 “Footwear protecting against chemicals – Part 3: Requirements for footwear highly resistant to chemicals under laboratory conditions”;
EN 50321 “Electrically insulating footwear for working on low voltage installations”;
EN ISO 6942:2002 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and fire – Method of test: Evaluation of materials and material assemblies when exposed to a source of radiant heat”;
EN ISO 15025:2002 “Protective clothing – Protection against heat and flame – Method of test for limited flame spread”;
EN ISO 20344:2011 “Personal protective equipment – Test methods for footwear”;
EN ISO 20345:2011 “Personal protective equipment – Safety footwear”;
ISO 15538 “Protective clothing for firefighters – Laboratory test methods and performance requirements for protective clothing with a reflective outer surface”;

Key Technical Requirements

1 Types and classifications

The permitted combinations of types of footwear for firefighters and class I and II shall be as given in Table 3. As specified in 4.2, design A shall not be used.

2. General requirements

Footwear for firefighters shall conform to the requirements specified in Table 4.

3 Thermal behaviour

3.1 Insulation against heat: When tested in accordance with the method described in 7.1 the footwear shall meet at least one of the levels defined in Tables 6 and 7.

3.2 Radiant heat: When tested in accordance with the method described in 7.2, the temperature increase for each material combination shall be equal or less than 24 ℃. After testing, the footwear shall conform to B.2.2.

3.3 Flame resistance: When tested in accordance with the method described in 7.3, the footwear shall neither flame for more than 2 s (after-flame time) nor glow more than 2 s(after-glow time). After testing, the footwear shall conform to B.2.3.

4 Compression resistance of the toepuff

When type 1 footwear is tested in accordance with the method described in 7.4, the clearance under the toepuff at a compression load of (500 + 10) N shall be not less than the appropriate value given in Table 8.

5 Resistance to chemicals

The footwear shall reach the protection index 1 of EN 13832-3:2006, 6.2, for at least three of the chemicals given in Table 4. Other chemicals may be used additionally according to the intended use.

6 Electrical properties

6.1 General: Electrical properties shall conform to either 6.2 or 6.3.

6.2 Electrical insulating footwear: Electrically insulating footwear shall fulfill EN 50321.

6.3 Antistatic footwear: Footwear shall conform to all the requirements given in 6.2.2.2 of EN ISO 20345:2011.

7 Outsole

7.1 Cleat design: The cleat design (excluding waist area) shall be such that there are no continuous linear transverse valleys across the sole.

7.2 Cleat height: When tested in accordance with EN ISO 20344:2011, 8.1, the cleat height d2 shall be not less than 3 mm.

7.3 Cleat height in the waist area: The outsole shall have transverse cleat with a height of at least 1,5 mm in the waist area, see figure 1.

7.4 Heel breast: The outsole shall have an inclined-breast heel. Distance ‘a’ (the waist area) shall be at least 35 mm, angle a shall be between 90° and 120° and dimension ‘b’ shall be at least 10 mm.

8 Zipper

8.1 Zipper construction: The zipper shall have an interlocking mechanism.

8.2 Zipper (slide fastener) puller attachment strength: When tested in accordance with the methods described in 7.5.1; each recorded value of the attachment strength of the puller shall be greater than 250 N.

8.3 Zipper (slide fastener) lateral strength: When tested in accordance with the methods described in 7.5.2; each recorded value of the lateral strength shall be greater than 500 N.

Wearable lighting, also known as head-mounted lighting. It is a small-sized lighting device that is made up of stable equipment and illuminating equipment for easy operation and operation. It is often used for single-person operation.
The wearing type of lighting is invented to meet the needs of mining, railway, electric power, public security, oil field, petrochemical, metallurgy, fire protection and other units and industries for operation lighting. It has micro, medium and explosion-proof type (suitable for various flammable and easy It is widely used in mobile lighting and work lighting. It is usually a head-mounted type and is used with a helmet. It is widely used in mobile lighting and work lighting.

The firemen’s special call unit is a kind of distress alarm and audio contact protection equipment that firefighters carry with them when they enter the fire fighting and rescue site. The working time of the rescue device is 100 hours for non-alarm and 5 hours for continuous alarm. The ambient temperature of the caller is -20 ° C ~ 65 ° C.
Main functions: static alarm, manual alarm, audio contact.

Standard Related

China Standard
GB 27900-2011 “Firemen’s special call unit”;
GB /T 191-2000 “Packaging – Pictorial marking for handling of goods”;
GB/T 2423.1 “Environmental testing for electric and electronic products – Part 2: Test methods test A: Cold”;
GB /T 2423.2 “Environmental testing for electric and electronic products – Part 2: Test methods test B: Dry heat”;
GB /T 2423.4 “Environmental testing for electric and electronic products – Part 2: Test methods – Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic(12 h + 12 h cycle)”;
GB /T 2423.5 “Environmental testing – Part 2: Test methods – Test Ea and guidance: Shock”;
GB /T 2423.8 “Environmental testing for electric and electronic products – Part 2: Test methods – Test Ed: Free fall”;
GB /T 2423.10 “Environmental testing for electric and electronic products – Part 2: Test methods – Test Fc: Vibration(sinusoidal)”;
GB 3836.1 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 1: Equipment – General requirement”;

EU Standard
EN 60079-0:2012 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 0: Equipment General requirements”;
IEC 60034-1 “Rotating electrical machines – Part 1: Rating and performance”;
IEC 60034-5 “Rotating electrical machines – Part 5: Classification of degrees of protection provided by the enclosures of rotating electrical machines”;
IEC 60050-426 “International Electrotechnical Vocabulary – Chapter 426: Electrical apparatus for explosive atmospheres”;
IEC 60079-1 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 1: Equipment protection by flameproof enclosure “d””;
IEC 60079-2 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 2: Equipment protection by pressurized enclosure “p””;
IEC 60079-5 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 5: Equipment protection by powder filling “q””;
IEC 60079-6 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 6: Equipment protection by oil-immersion “o””;
IEC 60079-7 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 7: Equipment protection by increased safety “e””;
IEC 60079-11 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 11: Equipment protection by intrinsic safety “i””;
IEC 60079-15 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 15: Equipment protection by type of protection “n””;
IEC 60079-18 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 18: Equipment protection by encapsulation “m””;
IEC 60079-20-1 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 20-1: Material characteristics for gas and vapour classification, test methods and data”;
IEC 60079-25 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 25: Intrinsically safety systems“;
IEC 60079-26 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 26: Equipment with equipment protection level Ga“;
IEC 60079-28 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 28: Protection of equipment and transmission systems using optical radiation“;
IEC 60079-30-1 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 30-1: Electrical resistance trace heating – General and testing requirements”;
IEC 60079-31 “Explosive atmospheres – Part 31: Equipment dust ignition protection by enclosure “t””;
IEC 60086-1 “Primary batteries – Part 1: General”;
IEC 60095-1 “Lead-acid starter batteries – Part 1: General requirements and methods of test”;
IEC 60192 “Low-pressure sodium vapour lamps – Performance specifications”;
IEC 60216-1 “Electrical insulating materials – Properties of thermal endurance – Part 1: Ageing procedures and evaluation of test results”;
IEC 60216-2 “Electrical insulating materials – Properties of thermal endurance – Part 2: Determination of thermal endurance properties of electrical insulating materials – Choice of test criteria ”;
IEC 60243-1 “Electrical strength of insulating materials – Test methods – Part 1: Tests at power frequencies”;
IEC 60254 “Lead-acid traction batteries”;
IEC 60423 “Conduits for electrical purposes – Outside diameters of conduits for electrical installations and threads for conduits and fittings”;
IEC 60529 “Degrees of protection provided by enclosures”;
IEC 60622 “Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Sealed nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells”;
IEC 60623 “Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Vented nickel-cadmium prismatic rechargeable single cells”;
IEC 60662 “High-pressure sodium vapour lamps”;
IEC 60664-1 “Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems – Part 1: Principles, requirements and tests”;
IEC 60947-1 “Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear – Part 1: General rules”;
IEC 60896-11 “Stationary lead-acid batteries – Part 11: Vented types – General requirements and methods of tests“;
IEC 60896-21 “Stationary lead-acid batteries – Part 21: Vented regulated types – methods of tests“;
IEC 60952 “Aircraft batteries“;
IEC 61056-1 “General purpose lead-acid batteries (value-regulated types) – Part 1: General requirements, functional characteristics – Methods of tests”;
IEC 61241-4 “Electrical apparatus for use in the presence of combustible dust – Part 4: Type of protection “pD””;
IEC 61427 “Secondary cells and batteries for photovoltaic energy systems – General requirements and methods of test”;
IEC 61951-1 “Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline and other non-acid electrolytes – Portable sealed rechargeable single cells – Part 1: Nickel-cadmium”;
IEC 61951-2 “Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline and other non-acid electrolytes – Portable sealed rechargeable single cells – Part 2: Nickel-metal hydride”;

Key Technical Requirements

1 General

Electrical equipment and Ex Components shall

a) comply with the requirements of this standard, together with one or more of the specific standards listed in Clause;

b) be constructed in accordance with the applicable safety requirements of the relevant industrial standards.

2 Mechanical strength of equipment

The equipment shall be subjected to the tests of 26.4. Guards relied upon to provide protection from impact shall be removable only by the use of a tool and shall remain in place for the required impact tests.

3 Opening times

Enclosures which can be opened more quickly than

a) any incorporated capacitors, charged by a voltage of 200 V or more, to discharge to a value of residual energy of

– 0.2 mJ for electrical equipment of Group I or Group IIA,

– 0.06 mJ for electrical equipment of Group IIB

– 0.02 mJ for electrical equipment of Group IIC, including equipment marked Group II only,

– 0.2 mJ for electrical equipment of Group III,

or double the above energy levels if the charging voltage is less than 200 V, or

b) the surface temperature of enclosed hot components reduces to below the assigned maximum surface temperature of the electrical equipment

shall be marked with one of the following warning markings:

– an enclosure opening delay marking as specified in item a) of 29.12; or

– an enclosure opening marking as specified in item b) of 29.12.

4 Circulating currents in enclosures (e.g. of large electrical machines)

Where necessary, precautions shall be taken to guard against any effect due to the presence of circulating currents caused by stray magnetic fields, and the arcs or sparks that may occur as a result of interrupting such currents, or excessive temperatures caused by such currents.

Where equipotential bonding conductors are employed, they shall be a adequately rated for the anticipated currents and they shall be arranged to ensure reliable current transfer without the risk of sparking under adverse operating conditions, such as vibration or corrosion. The bonds shall be protected against corrosion and loosening in accordance with 15.4 and 15.5. Particular care shall be taken with bare flexible conductors in close proximity to the bonded parts.

Bonding conductors are not required where insulation ensures that circulating currents cannot flow between parts. The insulation of such parts shall be capable of withstanding a voltage of 100 V r.m.s for 1 min. However, provision shall be made for adequate earthing of isolated exposed conductive parts.

5 Gasket retention

Where the degree of protection provided by the enclosure depends on a gasketed joint which is intended to be opened for installation or maintenance purposes, gaskets shall be attached or secured to one of the mating faces to prevent loss, damage or incorrect assembly. The gasket material shall not itself adhere to the other joint face. When the joint is opened and re-closed prior to the tests for degree of protection by enclosure, it shall be verified that the gasket material has not adhered to the other joint face.

6 Electromagnetic and ultrasonic energy radiating equipment

The energy levels shall not exceed the values given below.

6.1 Radio frequency sources

The threshold power of radio frequency (9 kHz to 60GHz) for continuous transmissions and for pulsed transmissions whose pulse durations exceed the thermal initiation time shall not exceed the values shown in Table 4. Programmable or software control intended for setting by the user shall not be permitted.

For pulsed radar and other transmissions where the pulses are short compared with the thermal initiation time, the threshold energy values Zth shall not exceed those given in Table 5.

6.2 Lasers or other continuous wave sources

The output parameters of lasers or other continuous wave sources of electrical equipment of EPL Ma or Mb shall not exceed the following values:

– 20 mW/mm2 or 150 mW for continuous wave lasers and other continuous wave sources, and

– 0.1 mJ/mm2 for pulse lasers or pulse light sources with pulse intervals of at least 5 s.

The ouput parameters of lasers or toher continuous wave sources of electrical equipment of EPL Da or Db shall not exceed the following values:

– 5 mW/mm2 or 35 mW for continuous wave lasers and other continuous wave sources, and

– 0.1 mJ/mm2 for pulse lasers or pulse light sources with pulse intervals of at least 5 s.

The ouput parameters of lasers or toher continuous wave sources of electrical equipment of EPL Da or Db shall not exceed the following values:

– 10 mW/mm2 or 35 mW for continuous wave lasers and other continuous wave sources, and

– 0.5 mJ/mm2 for pulse lasers or pulse light sources.

Radiation sources with pulse intervals of less than 5 s are regarded as continuous wave sources.

6.3 Ultrasonic sources

The output parameters from ultrasonic sources of electrical equipment of EPL Ma, Mb, Ga, Gb, Gc, Da, Db, or Dc shall not exceed the following values:

– 0.1 W/cm2 and 10 MHz for continuous sources.

– average power density 0.1 W/cm2 and 2 mJ/cm2 for pulse sources.

Position lights: metallurgy, railway, electric power, public security, oil fields, petrochemicals and other enterprises in a variety of special dangerous places warning signs, a variety of special places for warning signs, but also suitable for municipal, construction operations and monitoring, ambulance, rescue work Personnel for signal communication and orientation indication

The light safety rope is a rope used by firefighters only to carry people in fire fighting, rescue, disaster relief or daily training. It has the characteristics of high strength, high temperature resistance and good impact resistance.

Standard Related

China Standard
GA494-2004 “Fire service fall protection equipment”;
GB/T 191 “Packaging – Pictorial marking for handling of goods”;
GB /T 6461-2002 “Methods for corrosion testing of metallic and other inorganic coatings on metallic substrates – Rating of test specimens and manufactured articles subjected to corrosion tests”;
GB /T 8834-1998 “Fibre ropes – Determination of certain physical and mechanical properties”;
GB/T 10125-1997 “Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres – Salt spray tests”;

EU Standard
EN 12841:2006″Personal protective equipment – Rope access systems – Rope adjustment devices”;
EN 362:2004 “Personal protection equipment against falls from a height – Connectors”;
EN 364:1992 “Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – Test methods”;
EN 365 “Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – General requirements for instructions for use, maintenance, periodic examination, repair, marking and packaging”;
EN 892 “Mountaineering equipment – Dynamic mountaineering ropes – safety requirements and test methods”;
EN ISO 9227 “Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres – Salt spray tests”;
EN 1891 “Personal protective equipment for the prevention of falls from a height – Low stretch kernmantel ropes”;
EN ISO 7500-1 “Metallic materials – Verification of static uniaxial testing machines – Part 1: Tension/compression testing machines – Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system “

Key Technical Requirements

1 General

1.1 Anchor lines: Rope adjustment devices shall be tested in accordance with clause 5. All the tests, with the exception of 5.4.7, shall be performed on two adjustable anchor lines, one to the minimum and the other to the maximum diameter as marked on the rope adjustment device.

1.2 Compatibility: A rope adjustment device shall be compatible with and capable of attachment to an anchor line of the type and diameter range as marked on the rope adjustment device. It shall be possible to connect a rope adjustment device to an anchor line anywhere along its length.

1.3 Release prevention mechanism: Rope adjustment devices shall have a release prevention mechanism to prevent an anchor line, with a type and diameter range as marked on the rope adjustment device, from being released accidentally when in use.

1.4 Placement: Rope adjustment device shall have a function to prevent the rope adjustment device from sliding down the anchor line unintentionally.

1.5 Locking: Rope adjustment devices shall in each case lock and remain locked until released with a test mass of 5 kg, when tested in accordance with 5.4.5.

1.6 Edge design: When tested in accordance with 5.4.6, rope adjustment devices shall not have sharp or rough edges that may damage other components or cause injury to the user.

1.7 Corrosion resistance: After testing in accordance with 5.4.7, metal parts of rope adjustment devices shall show no evidence of corrosion that would affect their function.

1.8 Maximum rated load: Rope adjustment devices shall have a maximum rated load of at least 100 kg for a single person rope adjustment device and at least 200 kg for a two-person rope adjustment device.

1.9 Functional requirements after conditioning to wet: After conditioning to wet in accordance with 5.3.5, rope adjustment devices shall meet the requirement of 4.2.5, 4.3.3 and 4.4.4 for Types A, B, and C respectively.

1.10 Functional requirements after optional conditioning: If the information supplied by the manufacturer of the rope adjustment device claims a feature concerning the use under specific conditions, the rope adjustment device shall meet the requirement of 4.2.5, 4.3.3 and 4.4.4 for types A, B and C respectively.

1.11 Marking and information: Marking of the rope adjustment device shall be in accordance with clause 6. Information shall be supplied with the rope adjustment device in accordance with clause 7.

The multi-function hatchet for firefighters is a multi-functional rescue hand tool that integrates the functions of axe, axe, hammer, hammer, saw and other portable hand tools. It is a good rescue helper carried by the army, armed police, firefighting, rescue and relief workers. He can rescue in various special occasions such as fire, disaster (breaking, broken windows, broken boards and earthquakes, collapse, vehicles, etc.). Rescue work can solve a variety of rescue problems. It is one of the tools for the rescue and rescue of disaster relief, and it is also an indispensable tool for the survival of wild activities.

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