Firefighter

Personal Protective Equipment For Firefighters

Personal Protective Equipment is designed to protect firefighters from serious injuries or illnesses resulting from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical or other hazards. It covers a variety of devices and garments such as respirators, turnout gear, gloves, blankets and gas masks.

Firefighters basic Protective Equipment Table
Items Products Main Purpose & Technical Performance Outfit Per Person Redundancy Rate
1 Helmets Of firemen Safety protection of the head, face and neck. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 44 1 Pcs 4:1
2 Firemen’s protective clothing for firefighting Body protection during fire fighting and rescue operations. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA10 1 Unit 4:1
3 Protective gloves for  firefighters Hand and wrist protection. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA7 2 Pair
4 Firemen’s safety belt Ascend homework and save yourself. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 484 1 Pcs 4:1
5 Exposure footwear for firemen Calf and foot protection. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 6 1 Pair 5:1
6 Self-contained positive pressure air breathing apparatus for fire fighter Respiratory protection in the absence of oxygen or toxic field work. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 124 1 Set 5:1
7 Explosion-proof lighting wearable Fireman’s single-operation lighting, its technical performance should meet the requirements of GB 3836.3 1 Set 4:1
8 Firemen’s special call unit The firefighter called for an alarm. Its technical performance should be GA 401 1 Pcs 4:1
9 Position lights/Azimuth lamp Location identification of firefighters in environments such as darkness or smoke 1 Set 5:1
10 Fire service fall protection equipment Firefighters’ self-help and escape. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 494 1 Pcs 4:1
11 Hatchet For Firefighters Demolition and self-help. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of relevant standards. 1 Pcs 5:1
Firefighters basic Protective Equipment Table
Items Products Main Purpose & Technical Performance Outfit Per Person Redundancy Rate
1 Helmets Of firemen Safety protection of the head, face and neck. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 44 1 Pcs 4:1
2 Firemen’s protective clothing for firefighting Body protection during fire fighting and rescue operations. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA10 1 Unit 4:1
3 Protective gloves for  firefighters Hand and wrist protection. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA7 2 Pair
4 Firemen’s safety belt Ascend homework and save yourself. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 484 1 Pcs 4:1
5 Exposure footwear for firemen Calf and foot protection. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 6 1 Pair 5:1
6 Self-contained positive pressure air breathing apparatus for fire fighter Respiratory protection in the absence of oxygen or toxic field work. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 124 1 Set 5:1
7 Explosion-proof lighting wearable Fireman’s single-operation lighting, its technical performance should meet the requirements of GB 3836.3 1 Set 4:1
8 Firemen’s special call unit The firefighter called for an alarm. Its technical performance should be GA 401 1 Pcs 4:1
9 Position lights/Azimuth lamp Location identification of firefighters in environments such as darkness or smoke 1 Set 5:1
10 Fire service fall protection equipment Firefighters’ self-help and escape. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of GA 494 1 Pcs 4:1
11 Hatchet For Firefighters Demolition and self-help. Its technical performance should meet the requirements of relevant standards. 1 Pcs 5:1
Standards NO. Details
GB 2890 Respiratory Protection—Non-Powered Air-purifying respirators
GB 3836.3 Explosive atmospheres-Part 3: Equipment protection by increased safety “e”
IEC60079-7:2006, IDT
GB/T 4303 Marine lifejacket
GB 6568.1 Screen Clothes For Live Working
IEC 60895:2002, Live working-Conductive clothing for use at nominal voltage up to 800kV a.c. and +-600 kV D.C., MOD
GB 12011 Foot Protection-Electrically Insulating Footwear
GB 17622 Live Working-Gloves Of Insulating Material
GA 6 Exposure footwear for firemen
GA 7 Protective Gloves For Firefighters
GA 10 firemen’s protective clothing for firefighting
GA 44 Helmets for firemen
GA 634 Protective Clothing For Proximity fire fighting
GA 124 Self-Contained positive pressure air breathing apparatus for firefighter
GA 401 Firemen’s special call unit
GA 494 Fire Service Fall Protection Equipment
GA 630 Hatchet for firefighters
MT 867 Self-contained positive pressure compressed oxygen respirator

A self-contained breathing apparatus sometimes referred to as a compressed air breathing apparatus or simply breathing apparatus is a device worn by rescue workers, firefighters, and others to provide breathable air in an immediately dangerous to life or health atmosphere. When not used underwater, they are sometimes called industrial breathing sets. The term self-contained means that the breathing set is not dependent on a remote supply. If designed for use underwater, it is called SCUBA.

Breathing apparatus usually use a container ti identify: 2 L, 3 L, 4.7 L,6.8 L, 9 L

A filtering device with a hood for self-rescue from fire (filtering smoke hood) is a respiratory protective device dependent on the ambient atmosphere.
A complete device consists of a facepiece with combined filter and, if necessary, suitable packaging. It is not intended that any disassembly or assembly be carried out by the user.
The facepiece of a filtering smoke hood can be the hood itself or a full face mask, half mask, quarter mask or mouthpiece assembly connected to the hood. The combined filter is attached to the facepiece and is not replaceable without tools.

Standard Related

China Standard
GB16556-1996 “self-contained air breathing apparatus”;
GA124-2004 “Positive pressure fire air breathing apparatus”;
MT867-2000 “Isolated Positive Pressure Oxygen Respirator”;
GA209-1999 “Fire-fighting self-rescue breathing apparatus”;
GA411-2003 “Chemical Oxygen Fire Self-rescue Respirator”.

EU Standard
EN137-1993 “Technical requirements, tests, and signs for air breathing apparatus”;
EN 145-1997 “Respiratory protectors – compressed oxygen or oxygen-nitrogen type self-protecting closed-circuit respirators – requirements, tests, signs”;
EN 403:2004 Respiratory protective devices for self-rescue – Filtering devices with hood for escape from fire – Requirements, testing, marking
EN 401:1992 “Respiratory protective equipment for self-rescue; regenerative devices; chemical oxygen (KO2) self-rescuer; requirements, tests, signs”.

11 Gas Capacity

Table 1 — Test gas conditions
Test gas Test gas concentration in air a
ml/m c (= ppm)
Breakthrough concentration b
ml/m (= ppm)
Propenal (acrolein) 100 0,5
Hydrogen chloride (HCl) 1000 5
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) 400 10 c
Carbon monoxide 2500
5000
7500
10 000
200 d
a:  A deviation of ± 10 % from the required value shall be acceptable. The recorded breakthrough times shall be adjusted, if necessary, by simple proportion to conform with the specified influent concentration.
b: The breakthrough concentration is an arbitrary value and it is used only to define the end point of the filter capacity under laboratory testing conditions.
c: C2N2 may sometimes be present in the effluent air. The total concentration of (HCN + C 2 N 2 ) shall not exceed 10 ml/m3 at breakthrough.
d: Time weighted average in any single 5 min period.

Key Technical Requirements

1.General: In all tests all test samples shall meet the requirements.
2.Ergonomics: The requirements of this standard are intended to take account of the interaction between the wearer, the respiratory protective device, and where possible the working environment in which the respiratory protective device is likely to be used.
3. Design: The apparatus shall be sufficiently robust to withstand the rough usage it is likely to receive in service with respect to its classification.
The apparatus shall be designed so that there are no protruding parts or sharp edges likely to be caught on projections in narrow passages.
No part of the apparatus likely to be in contact with the wearer shall have sharp edges or burrs.
The apparatus shall be designed to ensure its full function in any orientation.
Testing shall be done in accordance with 7.3 and 7.5.
4. Materials: Materials which come into direct contact with the wearer’s skin shall not be known to be likely to cause irritation or any other adverse effect to health.
All metallic parts shall be corrosion-resistant or protected against corrosion e.g. by packaging.
If materials sensitive to humidity are used in the device, they shall be protected against the effects of humidity
5.Mass: The mass of the ready-for-use device without packaging or carrying device shall not exceed 1000 g.
6. Conditioning: Prior to laboratory or practical performance tests all test specimen shall be conditioned.
7. Connections
Connections between components shall be designed such that they cannot be readily separated by the user.
The connection between filter and hood assembly shall withstand axially a tensile force of 50 N.
8. Packaging:The packaging shall be easy to open without tools.
9. Practical performance: The complete apparatus shall undergo practical performance tests. These general tests serve the purpose of checking the apparatus for imperfections that cannot be determined by the tests described elsewhere in this standard.
Where, in the opinion of the test house, approval is not granted because practical performance tests show the apparatus has imperfections related to wearer’s acceptance, the test house shall provide full details of those parts of the practical performance tests which revealed these imperfections. This will enable other test houses to duplicate the tests and assess the results thereof.
10. Leakage
For filtering smoke hoods fitted in accordance with the instructions for use, at least 46 out of the 50 individual results for the inward leakage over each of the exercise periods as defined in
11. Filter : Willl Shown in below
12. Valves: The complete device may be provided with one or more inhalation and exhalation valves. If the device is equipped with valves, the valves shall operate correctly and independent of their orientation. They shall be protected against dirt and mechanical damage.
13. Breathing resistance
The inhalation resistance shall not exceed 8 mbar and the exhalation resistance shall not exceed 3 mbar.
14. Flammability
The materials used shall not present a danger for the wearer and shall not be of highly flammable nature. The filtering smoke hood or other exposed parts shall not continue to burn or present any additional hazard to the wearer. It is not required that the filtering smoke hood still has to be useable after the test.
15. Carbon dioxide content of inhalation air: The carbon dioxide content of inhalation air (dead space) shall not exceed an average of 2 % by volume.
16. Head harness: If a harness is fitted it shall meet the requirements for the harness specified in EN 140.
17. Vision: The visors shall be reliably assembled to the device. Visors shall not distort vision as determined in practical performance tests. There shall be no significant impairment of vision by fogging as determined in practical performance tests.
18. Sealing: Each complete device or filter component shall be sealed and shall not be resealable except by the use of special equipment. The sealing shall be such that it can readily be opened when necessary but not inadvertently. When the packaging seal has been broken this shall be obvious by visual inspection.
19. Integrity of filtering smoke hood at high carbon monoxide concentrations
The device shall maintain its mechanical integrity and shall not present a hazard to the wearer.
20. Ingress of humidity
If materials sensitive to humidity are used these materials shall be protected against humidity.
After conditioning in accordance with 7.4 the device shall meet the requirements of this standard.
21. Temperature of inhaled air
The temperature of the inhaled air shall not exceed 90 °C dry bulb and 50 °C wet bulb during the test duration of 15 min.
22. Communication
A person wearing the device shall be able to hear verbal communications from the test supervisor.
A person wearing the device shall be able to communicate verbally. This does not apply when the device is equipped with a mouthpiece assembly.

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